These tiny insects are hard to see, though you may sometimes spot their webs. These plants do not like hot sunny positions and prefer semi-shade. Grown outdoors in open ground, plants often self-sow. Hardy Cyclamen Description. Registered in England & Wales #06694059. Cyclamen variety. Choose a container with plenty of drainage holes and cover these with crocks to prevent them from becoming blocked. Cyclamen persicum is a tender plant, so not for outside in northwest Europe, where it is best cultivated in a frost-free greenhouse. If you are growing your plants from seed, you should soak the seeds in water for 12-24 hours before planting to help them germinate. Good drainage is essential. Cyclamen are especially cheery with Hellebores and sweet box (Saracocca). Cyclamen persicum (Persian Cyclamen) is a tender tuberous perennial boasting delightfully fragrant flowers from fall to late spring. Cyclamen will self-seed and so usually they can be left to their own devices and will spread to form an attractive colony. Blooms in winter (December to April). These plants look wonderful grown on banks, rockeries or in a shady border. Plants which are already in bud normally appear on the market from about early winter until spring in hardy zones. Cyclamen flourishes in shade and sends up as many as 30 delicate, 1" blooms on each mature plant! This species comes in a range of colours from pure white to deep magenta and every shade in between. Plants do best in free-draining soil and cool temperatures. If you wish to propagate your cyclamen by division, you should do this in autumn. They are not covered here. Do this by pulling the entire stem out of the corm, if you leave anything behind the rot can potentially continue down into the corm. What could be wrong? They can carpet an area of dry shade under Rhododendrons. C. repandum has heart-shaped leaves speckled with grey, and fragrant rose-red flowers. Cyclamen are a sure sign that spring is around the corner, with a cheery splash of pink they are a great start to the new year. They do not like to be disturbed unnecessarily so try not to move them about too much. This variety has heart-shaped leaves that appear in October and are followed by small, vibrant flowers in winter and early spring. The other issue the plants face are damaged flowers leading to the corm becoming rotten. These cultivars are bred for flower size, color, and short development time. The flowers turn back on themselves giving them a shape like a shuttlecock, or perhaps fairy wings. They can be white, pink or deep carmine with a darker pink, magenta or purple mouth. These plants like well-drained soil but are not fussy about soil type. However, if you look closely you will see that one side has a growing point and this should be planted facing upwards. Cyclamen persicum (Persian or Florists Cyclamen) How to Plant Cyclamen Persicum. My first encounter with hardy cyclamen was in the garden of the late Rachel Dunham of Cary, NC in the 1960s. Remove spent flowers to reduce the risk of mould. (5 cm), feature gracefully twisted and reflexed petals. Summer through winter, a delightfully lovely plant. eCommerce by blubolt. They make good underplanting for shrubs and trees and are one of the few plants that will flower in these dry shady conditions. Perhaps its greatest joy is the fact that it blooms long before other spring bloomers have even turned over. Cyclamen persicum has been know to quickly stop growing and show signs of incorrect care and unfavorable conditions. Synonyms Cyclamen albidum Jord. The small-flowered varieties of Cyclamen persicum (or so called 'florist's' forms) come in white, crimson or magenta and are in a different league to the large-flowered, large-leaved brigade, which feel rubbery, overfed and coarse in comparison.. More information on Cyclamen. Details C. persicum is a winter or spring-flowering tuber, growing to 10-20cm in height. The patterned foliage and highly scented flowers make it a good pot plant. They often do best on their own and should not be overcrowded as this will encourage mould. You can remove the mites with jet of water or by thoroughly coating the leaves with an insecticidal soap. Position your plant somewhere with good air circulation as this will reduce the risk of grey mould. This pure white variety will produce a flower for every leaf, to brighten the dark autumn and winter days, and is equally at home in the garden, in a well-drained container. Planting time: Autumn, winter (when ground is not frozen) and early spring. Small-flowered, hardy species take several years to bloom; older strains of florists' cyclamen need 15 to 18 months to mature and bloom from seed, while newer strains can bloom in as little as 7 months. Pot cyclamen have been developed from the semi-hardy C. persicum, a native of Asia Minor whose growing season runs through winter. This pure white variety of small-headed cyclamen will produce a flower for every leaf, to brighten the dark autumn and winter days. This species flowers in March and has large pink flowers on stems up to 12 cm (5 inches) tall. Plant Delivery - The Cyclamen persicum carries with it the promise of spring. It will cause infected the leaves to turn yellow and wilt. My next encounter with the genus was tying to grow the non-hardy Cyclamen persicum hybrids which flooded the box store market starting in the 19… Incredibly unique flowers with reflexed petals is just one of the charms of cyclamen. The tuber is often planted with the top above the compost to avoid rotting of the leaves and flowers. Plants are only winter hardy to USDA Zones 9-11, and must be grown in containers or pots in the St. Louis area. For the more saucer-shaped tubers, plant with the convex side downwards. Leaves are heart-shaped and marked with or washed in silver. You can mulch the plants to protect them from the winter weather, however, don’t overdo it as the plant will need some light. Fortunately, species such as Cyclamen coum and Cyclamen hederifolium can be used for that. Perennials for Spring and Summer Planting. Cyclamen Persicum. If there are no roots on your tuber it can be hard to know which way up to plant it. It is often mistakenly called a corm, but a corm (found in crocuses, for example) has a papery tunic and a basal plate from which the roots grow. The bulbs not only produce beautiful small butterfly type flowers, they also have a marbled effect, ivy-like foliage that is good for ground cover. Want to get notified when it's back in stock? Just enter your email below: I love the small-headed cyclamen particularly as winter houseplants, which look like cyclamen I’ve found wild in Crete - simpler, more natural, beautiful and still showy. Sunlight needs for cyclamen persicum: Caring for a cyclamen starts with the right light conditions. However, if you place a piece of paper beneath a stem and gently shake it you may see some tiny orange-red or green mites fall onto the paper. This means it is always in leaf and will need to be kept moist throughout the year. Those sold in garden centres and florists as house plants are usually the species cyclamen persicum and these tender plants will not survive outside. Her expertise stems from a passion to teach her children about the benefits of outdoor play and how to protect the environment. The cyclamen house, where we raise our cyclamen, is a wonderful sight in autumn and early spring when many of our stock plants are in flower. Cool-weather florist's cyclamens (Cyclamen persicum) burst into bloom in late winter and continue to flower through early spring. Use a loam-based compost and add a slow release fertilizer in spring. These pests also like hot dry conditions so misting them may be appropriate depending on the conditions. Cyclamen do not require pruning or cutting back. However, there are 23 species in the genus Cyclamen and several of them (e.g., Cyclamen hederifolium, and Cyclamen coum) make wonderful, easy to grow, winter-hardy specimens. Affected plants will need to be discarded. Best with intense indirect indoor light in cool (65 degrees) locations. The houseplant or florist's cyclamen are all varieties of Cyclamen persicum. The latter is also known as woodland cyclamen and grows well in zones 5-9 in somewhat moist, humusy soil with protection from afternoon sun. Most are hardy enough to survive a cold British winter, however, they will not survive in very waterlogged soil. In autumn and winter nature usually provides enough water for these plants, however, you should keep an eye on them if the weather is particularly dry. It is a very hardy variety. It flowers in autumn and can tolerate very cold winters. Cyclamen do not like sitting in cold wet soil. These plants look good with other winter and early spring flowering bulbs such as snowdrops, winter aconites, and fritillaries. Under tree canopies or hedgerows is ideal. Rachel Brown is a senior writer at DIY Garden reporting on all things from gardening to fun with the kids. Avoid overwatering the plants as this can significantly increase the chance of fungal diseases. 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