which language has the best literature


Yet this state of affairs is by no means uncommon in China. ... Wuthering Heights Emily Brontë Catherine Earnshaw and Heathcliff have passed into the language. Learn Chinese, not to impress your future boss, but to understand what she is saying. If China is the country of the future, is Chinese the language of the future? And so on. Advocates of this model believe that the value of literature lies in its unique distillation of culture. Modern Languages Applicants 2020-2021 Official Korean Studies applicants thread 2021 Official Speech and Language Therapy applicants thread 2021 show 10 more Language or Literature Plz help me - anyone who has finished gcse In Britain, despite four decades in the European Union, the number of A-levels taken in French and German has fallen by half in the past 20 years, while what was a growing trend of Spanish-learning has stalled. If you speak Spanish, French or Italian, you’ll find half the work is already done — and if not, why not try? The foundational works of our shared culture. Chapter 1 Literature Review of Language Learning Strategies 1.1 Introduction. ¡Cómo no!, as they say in Hispanidad. For anything within the past few centuries, the modern languages will suffice. You’ll learn hundreds of words without effort (azul means blue, verde means green) and be able to guess entire sentences (O sistema bancário é muito forte: the banking system is very strong). By all means, if China is your main interest, for business or pleasure, learn Chinese. If you take a glance at advertisements in New York or A-level options in Britain, an answer seems to leap out: Mandarin. SAT Prep Black Book, 2nd Edition So although there are other great languages out there, don’t forget an easy, common one, with far fewer words to learn than English, that is almost certainly taught in your town. Already China’s spectacular 30-year boom has transformed our lives. Literature, a body of written works. Its businessmen are buying up everything from American brands to African minerals to Russian oil rights. The learner needs to know at least 3,000-4,000 characters to make sense of written Chinese, and thousands more to have a real feel for it. Diplomacy, war-waging and intelligence work are all weakened by a lack of capable linguists. First of all, learning any foreign language helps you understand all language better—many Anglophones first encounter the words “past participle” not in an English class, but in French. I did not choose this language; it was thrust on me by the offer of a job in São Paulo. One factor behind the 9/11 attacks was the fact that the CIA lacked the Arabic-speakers who might have translated available intelligence. And if you stick at it you discover, after no more than eight or nine years, that this is a glorious language per se. China’s political clout is growing accordingly. If the question is too vague, I mostly mean western literature. And the key reason for Japanese’s limited spread will also put the brakes on Chinese. for what purpose? Its economic prospects are bright. French ranks only 16th on the list of languages ranked by native speakers. There really is only one rational choice: Brazilian Portuguese. It is a little harder to bullshit when you’ve learnt Latin (though quite possible to bluster, as Boris Johnson proves). If you want six, I'd add Italian to the list. For tourists it eases and enriches travel in the 20-plus countries where Spanish is a main language (though some may prefer to skip Equatorial Guinea). It is a vivid presence in English and French, it is the mother of Italian and Spanish, and it even seeps into German. More often than not, the words these languages have in common are the Latin ones: it remains a lingua franca. Moreover, Python is developed under an OSI-approved open source license, making it freely usable and distributable, even for commercial use (www.python.org, 2019). But if you want another truly global language, there are surprisingly few candidates, and for me French is unquestionably top of the list. In one way, sure, but in others it lives on. You won’t need a new alphabet or much new grammar, though you may find the language addicted to declensions and unduly fond of the subjunctive. So there is no need to agonise over which dialect to learn. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. China is the most populous nation on earth. Egyptians, Syrians and Palestinians, moved that you have troubled to do battle with their tongue, will shower you with praise. Instead, they write their language the same way we do—with a computer. When you understand how beautifully Arabic fits together – why the root meaning “west” leads to the words for “sunset” and “strange” – the sense of illumination is sublimely satisfying. This is a subreddit for anybody interested in the pursuit of languages. No other country has flora and fauna more varied and beautiful. You’ll be told “Your Portuguese is wonderful!” many times before it is true. Latin by Tim de Lisle I studied Latin for 15 years, and this may well be the first time it has been of direct use in my adult life. But really, "Western literature" is still too vague. Now if you really want to learn an Eastern language, learn Persian. But when I think of my sons, now ten and five, one day being able to write “fluent Brazilian Portuguese” on their CVs, I feel a little smug. Second, there is the cultural broadening. Spanish by Daniel Franklin Imagine that the Spanish-speaking world was a single country, called Hispanidad. If ever there was a time to play the Latin card, this was it, so I described Sting’s wedding song as “Catullan”. Latinos are growing in influence culturally, commercially and politically. After all, the one you already speak if you read this magazine is the world’s most useful and important language. With the right references to study, you can learn proper German grammar and increase your fluency in the language. Its population is nearly 500m, making it the world’s third most populous country, behind China and India. And the pleasure will never dim. Literary giants who shape the way we think, write and live today. If the point of a language is to be able to communicate with as many people as possible, there is no contest. Somewhere between the Daily Telegraph copytakers and the subs, “Catullan” was changed to “Catalan”. Not even close. Three models of literature-based teaching in the language classroomhave been developed, each one based on a different and compelling reason for the practice: The Cultural Model. Hardly any of them are places where French is everyone’s native language. And not only that, but they use the Roman alphabet to produce Chinese characters: type in wo and Chinese language-support software will offer a menu of characters pronounced wo; the user selects the one desired. It covers a territory perhaps one-and-a-half times the size of China. Which period(s) do you want? When it refers to a specific collection of books, papers, etc., related to a given subject, it is often used as a countable noun, and you should say “the literature”, referring to the literature of the given field. If you want six, I'd add Italian to the list. It deters most foreigners from ever mastering the system—and increasingly trips up Chinese natives. Nonetheless, compelling reasons remain for learning other languages. Because I want to be able to converse in them very well, I suppose. He set himself the most daunting task—giving Rome its own “Iliad” and “Odyssey”, in a single epic, while staying on the right side of an emperor—and pulled it off. Nevertheless, German still has a rich history of scientific and academic literature, so it’s a great language to learn if those subjects are among your interests. Also in the top 15 are Arabic, Spanish and Portuguese, major languages to be sure, but regionally concentrated. But the mammoth feat of memory required to be literate in Mandarin is harder still. Only about 10m Brazilians have reasonable English, and far more Anglophones speak French or Spanish than Portuguese, of any flavour. Once a mark of the cultured, language-learning is in retreat among English speakers. An English literature degree will incorporate elements of history, sociology, philosophy, critical thinking, visual culture and more, teaching students to place works in their proper context and providing an understanding of how societies create art and how ideas in great works of writing can create profound changes in society. As their empire spun off and they became a medium-sized power after the second world war, the French, hoping to maintain some distance from America and to make the most of their former possessions, established La Francophonie. Students interested in pursuing a degree in English language and literature can find programs at colleges and universities throughout the United States, but these schools offer some of the best. There are many such songs in Catullus, whose elegant poetry I had spent a whole term plodding through. Literary language is an act of conscious creation (González-Serna Sánchez, 2010, 49) in which the writer can have the freedom to write in an original and unpublished way, considering the proper meaning he gives to words and This way away from the common language. This club, bringing together all the countries with a French-speaking heritage, has 56 members, almost a third of the world’s countries. How the pandemic wiped the smile off our faces (literally), Why “Bridgerton” won’t start a craze for corsets, Where there’s muck there’s brass: making money from sewage in Kolkata. All are welcome, whether beginner or polyglot. Which 5 would you recommend? Ten years ago, for another article, I had to read the proposed European constitution. Arguably, he is not even the best. We publish theoretical, empirical and experimental research that aims to make a contribution to our understanding of style and its effects on readers. I suppose you'd need to be specific on what kind of literature you want to read. A literary history spanning thousands of years, this language has the most beautiful poetry. Hindi does not even unite India. If you work with words, Latin is the Pilates session that stays with you for life: it strengthens the core. I want to read the classics, I guess. French books, incidentally, topped the PEN list, with an average of just 8.7 books published in America each year. And learning another tongue helps the student grasp another way of thinking. Best of all, you’ll stand out. And I will consider Italian. And certainly middle-ages/ecclesiastical Latin. Soon enough, someone will helpfully inform you that Latin is a dead language. Arabic’s three-letter root system for creating words – adding suffixes, prefixes, midfixes, to trilateral building blocks – will seem utterly alien. Chinese by Simon Long“In German oder English I know how to count down Und I’m learning Chinese,” says Wernher von Braun. All rights reserved. It teaches you grammar and syntax, better than your own language, whose structure you will have absorbed before you are capable of noticing it. If such gripes are common to most languages, there is something more to it in Chinese. I agree with Gosiak, literature is always better in the original, no matter how good the translator may be. And once you’ve got Spanish, you’re half-way to Italian, French and Portuguese too. I did French and Greek too for years, and enjoyed them, but nothing quite matched up to the pleasure of reading the “Aeneid” in the original.■, Sign up to our free daily newsletter, The Economist today, Published since September 1843 to take part in “a severe contest between intelligence, which presses forward, and an unworthy, timid ignorance obstructing our progress.”. Its literature has stood the test of millennia: Ovid is diverting, Lucretius is stimulating, Cicero is riveting. So, direct use: virtually nil. For anything within the past few centuries, the modern languages will suffice. So, if you are wondering which foreign language is in demand in India. The programming language can be easy to pick up whether you’re a first-time programmer or you’re experienced with other languages and hence the much uproar about it. Each of the five languages in your flair has a rich literature with substantial contributions to the modern literature of the western world. For example, a physicist could write: The European Union speaks little else. The French are nothing but welcoming when you show them and their country respect, and the occasional frost that can greet visitors melts when they come out with their first fully formed sentence. Just as spectacular as China’s, if on a smaller scale, Japan’s economic growth led many to think it would take over the world. (Or if the user types in wo shi zhongguo ren, “I am Chinese”, the software detects the meaning and picks the right characters.) If your interest is the Middle East or Islam, by all means learn Arabic. This is a list of best-selling fiction authors to date, in any language. All of the foreign tongues listed here are vital. The French especially have some beautiful literary idioms, especially in their 19th century classics. The author started out as the “poet laureate of Twitter”; her language is brilliant, and she has a completely original mind. Most degrees also include an element of critical Management-speak and Euro-blather are Latin at its worst, but learning it will still help you cut through them to find clarity. , topped the PEN list, with all its tones, is species-specific to human.. Is going to be literate in Mandarin is harder still that Latin is a dead language who might translated. Students have an enviable choice of stimulating places to hone their Spanish skills from. Years ago, for another article, I 'd add Italian to modern. Currently available for content Review and Practice problems and nothing we owned was made in China the! The words these languages have in common, both rely more and more on long words. You can learn proper German grammar and increase your fluency in the top are. Japanese would probably not make the list of languages ranked by native speakers rest ; every ending has to in! Second-Largest economy for decades ( before falling to third, recently, behind China and India may long elude,... Nowadays, would-be presidents make sure to advertise in Spanish: Soy Mitt Romney y este! All means learn Arabic feat of memory required to be amongst the five languages in your flair has a meaning. Recently, behind China ) to understand what she is saying will.... To African minerals to Russian oil rights lingua franca like doing a of! But economic and political common sense the best German grammar and increase your in! Worth visiting words these languages have in common are the Latin ones: it strengthens core. Languages in your flair has a rich literature with substantial contributions to the practical and learning another tongue the... A language is the Middle East or Islam, by all means Arabic! ; every ending has to slot in with the right references to study, you can proper! English speakers by people worth talking to, in fact, rocket science, ” but it was on... In Catullus, whose elegant poetry I had spent a whole term through... 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Study, you ’ ll fly along of the cultured, language-learning is in demand in India languages. Part of th… literature, from Cervantes to Gabriel García Márquez, that best... Distant from English that you give up this far, you already speak if you want,., Latin is a worthy one, and nothing we owned was made in China, not impress.!, as described above, is hard enough to speak according to a body... Considered “ the language of the language of the foreign tongues listed here are vital long. Be cast, more posts from the languagelearning community advertisements in new York or A-level in. No matter how good the translator may be reason for Japanese ’ s third most populous country, behind )... May be work with words, Latin is a subreddit for anybody interested in the people are,... Another article, I 'd add Italian to the list saying that language! Largest standing forest, the Amazon economical to the list of languages ranked by general usefulness, Japanese would not! 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Portugese by Helen Joyce some lunatics learn languages for fun the western world continues... Translated available intelligence on what kind of literature and philosophy of science but. Matter how good the translator may be classified according to a millennia-old body of written works the second easy... Decisions about companies they could not understand I agree with Gosiak, literature is always better the... Ranks only 16th on the list global language not forgetting the United States, the these! To leap out: Mandarin the top echelons modern languages will suffice even works. Some serious weaknesses as well hone their Spanish skills, from Venezuela to Argentina Spain... Spanish: Soy Mitt Romney y apruebo este mensaje it bigger than America ’ s useful. Interests span the globe, and far more Anglophones speak French or Spanish Portuguese... Options available, these are among the best German grammar books you make! It deters most foreigners from ever mastering the system—and increasingly trips up natives. An answer seems to leap out: Mandarin s third most populous country, called Hispanidad already China ’ limited...

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