classroom instruction that works reflection


Orey explained that educators need to understand the theories of teaching and learning in order to create appropriate instructional decisions for students (Laureate Education Inc., 2010a) As one reflects on the invaluable knowledge and skills garnered during this course, it is clear that my personal theory of learning which was developed at the beginning of this… Alexandria, VA: ASCD. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This can be done with simple questionnaires or learning diaries for example. important resource is children. Reflective teaching is a cyclical process, because once you start to implement changes, then the reflective and evaluative cycle begins again. Again, reflection makes learning more meaningful for students, enabling them to develop a personal relationship with the material at hand and to see how it fits into a larger picture—but its benefits are significant even if we only look at the level of cut-and-dry learning. Teaching Reflection: In the Classroom. Always build classroom rules and procedures collaboratively and in the positive. In order to fully tap that resource and allow children to gain the knowledge needed to perform to the best of their ability, and thus become effective, contributing members of society, competent teachers are needed in classrooms across the world. Individual classroom teachers must determine which strategies to employ with the right students at the right time. This will relate back to the area you have identified to reflect upon. In doing so, it’s important to keep one principle in mind: unlike grading, for example, a pop quiz, in which a student’s knowledge is being assessed, Still other activities—reflective essays in a class focused on essay-writing, for example—might need to be graded primarily based on their success in meeting the, Jacoby, Barbara. McREL is a non-profit, non-partisan education research and development organization that since 1966 has turned knowledge about what works in education into practical, effective guidance and training for teachers and education leaders across the U.S. and around the world. Self Reflection Just like teachers, school leaders face a myriad of daily decisions from managing the student population and engaging them in learning, effectively collaborating with teachers, meeting curricular demands, developing teachers professionally, keeping the school a safe learning place, to several other duties in the interest of the institutions and those being served. Video or audio recordings of lessons can provide very useful information for reflection. In fact my first year with him, he gave each teacher Classroom Instruction that Works by Dr. Marzano. A Reflection on Curriculum Development, Instruction and Design. Again, reflection makes learning more meaningful for students, enabling them to develop a personal relationship with the material at hand and to see how it fits into a larger picture—but its benefits are significant even if we only look at the level of cut-and-dry learning. It ensures that teachers are constantly evaluating their own practices and ensuring that they are meeting the needs of their students effectively. “Assessment of Service-Learning.” in. At Georgetown, where “contemplation in action” is one of our core values, we understand reflection to be essential to the process of education. This HOPE principle demonstrates the importance of reflection, collaboration, and evaluation to improve teaching instruction. If the students didn't understand a language point we introduced we need to think about what we did and why it may have been unclear. Self-reflection is a simple way to dig deeper into your feelings and find out why you were doing something or feeling a certain way. I have seen this work in the classroom. Pitler, Hubbell, and Kuhn (2012), express that technology helps educators more effectively differentiate instruction, reach multiple learning styles, and engages students in the classroom. In fact, Experiential Learning Theory and the principles of Ignatian Pedagogy (which are at the heart of Georgetown’s educational mission) remind us that reflection is really the only way we can learn from experience—and that includes class experience. You may decide to focus on a particular class of students, or to look at a feature of your teaching - for example how you deal with incidents of misbehaviour or how you can encourage your students to speak more English in class. Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based … We read about and discussed these research-based strategies found in the text, Classroom Instruction that Works, by R. Marzano, D. Pickering and J. Pollock. Using a list of statements about teaching beliefs (for example, pairwork is a valuable activity in the language class or lexis is more important than grammar) you can discuss which ones you agree or disagree with, and which ones are reflected in your own teaching giving evidence from your self-observation. (Pitler, 2007). ... Classroom Instruction That Works . Reflective teaching therefore implies a more systematic process of collecting, recording and analysing our thoughts and observations, as well as those of our students, and then going on to making changes. Being very organized and OCD I will have a set of classroom rules placed in the front of my classroom. If a lesson went well we can describe it and think about why it was successful. If students are misbehaving - what were they doing, when and why? In this instance I was asking my students to name any natural resources that they could think of. This new edition of A Handbook for Classroom Instruction That Works will help you explore and refine your use of the teaching strategies from the 2nd edition of Classroom Instruction That Works.Discussion of the nine categories of strategies that have the most positive effect on student learning is supplemented with the following: As a result of your reflection you may decide to do something in a different way, or you may just decide that what you are doing is the best way. This guided weekly journal by Mary Smith, Pete Hall, and Alisa Simeral will help you self-reflect on and chronicle which of your classroom practices are going great, which could stand some improvement, and how you’re growing and changing along the way. Recording lessons Phone Monday through Friday 8:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m. 1-800-933-ASCD (2723) Address 1703 North Beauregard St. Alexandria, VA 22311-1714 The first step is to gather information about what happens in the class. In either case you can feed as much as you want to a person but that person won’t leave nourished; it might be as though they haven’t eaten at all. This may then lead to changes and improvements in our teaching. By collecting information about what goes on in our classroom, and by analysing and evaluating this information, we identify and explore our own practices and underlying beliefs. What to do next This strategy can be used to highlight the similarities students have with characters as well as differences they see. About This Book. Classroom Reflection Paper 705 Words | 3 Pages. Invite a colleague to come into your class to collect information about your lesson. The University of Iowa Division of Student Life. You may also like: Assessment in Instruction: Danielson 3d … Throughout this course the readings, lectures, and reflections have reviewed teaching techniques educators practice in the classroom. Student feedback This may be with a simple observation task or through note taking. C. Practice: Choose one of the specific “classroom practice” strategies or techniques shared in this chapter to try out with your students (If you are not currently teaching, you may share how you would use this strategy in your classroom). These strategies are based upon research that prove them to be effective Strategies that I feel impacted me the most were providing feedback, cues, questions and cooperative learning. This is the easiest way to begin a process of reflection since it is purely personal. Beginning the process of reflection There are a number of moments throughout the semester when reflection can be introduced to great effect: Because reflection is often an exploratory process, you may want to tread carefully when it comes to grading it; students may not explore openly if they worry that they’ll be penalized for coming up with a “wrong” answer or doing it the “wrong” way. Conclusion For example, you might ask your colleague to focus on which students contribute most in the lesson, what different patterns of interaction occur or how you deal with errors. In a thorough review of the literature in their book *Make it Stick*, writers and psychologists Peter Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, and Mark A. McDaniel remind us, “reflection can involve several activities...that lead to stronger learning. About McREL.org . Self-reflection is one of the most powerful habits a teacher can develop. Having routines in place, clear directions, and classroom rules that are visually placed in the classroom are very important in running a systematic classroom. The book, A Handbook for Classroom Instruction that Works, by Pitler and Stone (2012) discuss that in order to encourage student motivation in the classroom reinforcing effort and recognition are a must! Reflective teaching is therefore a means of professional development which begins in our classroom. Why it is important If it’s important to you to assess the reflection more formally, it’s possible to develop grading standards and rubrics for the quality of the reflection. Questioning is one of the nine research-based strategies presented in Classroom Instruction That Works (Marzano, Pickering, and Pollock 2001). The book that we used for this course Using Technology with Classroom Instruction that Works by Pitler, H., Hubbell, E., Kuhn, M., and Malenoski, K. has a wealth of resources on how technology can be integrated in the classroom. Reflection brings lived experience to the surface and works to resolve seeming contradictions among diverse lived experiences and between lived experience and more abstract theories. Graphic representations help increase student achievement. Teacher diary  Benefits of reflection Opportunities for Reflection How to Do Reflection Grading Reflection Additional Resources. The works in the portfolio must reflect the classroom’s objectives for the school year, and it must also reflect how the students have progressed in terms of these objectives.Projects, usually inter-disciplinary, carry a significant percentage in the grading system. Feb 17, 2017 - Reflection is the most important part of the learning process. If some students say they need a quiet area to work in at times, try a sign like, “Quiet Area, Brains at Work.” Also, if your classroom rule says “We don’t use cel… Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement [Marzano, Robert J., Pickering, Debra, Pollock, Jane E.] on Amazon.com. On the first day of school, this will be a critical topic we cover in the classroom. This may then lead to changes and improvements in our teaching. Here are some different ways of doing this. You may also describe your own reactions and feelings and those you observed on the part of the students. These simple templates allow students to take ownership of their learning and track their progress by reflecting on the lesson objective/learning target. We may only notice reactions of the louder students. ASCD Customer Service. Here are some suggestions for areas to focus on to help you start your diary. Overall, teaching and learning in the 21st century classroom has proven to provide more opportunities! Classroom instruction is filled with creative ideas and engaging strategies that have been nurtured over time Teachers takes courses or attend workshops or conferences focused on research-based best practices that help to keep them informed and allow them to remain innovative in their planning, assessment, and instructional approaches Since I knew it was effective for me, I have always used the strategies of summarizing and note taking when instructing older students, but not as frequently in my instruction of younger students – 5th graders. In a differentiated classroom, assessment is on-going and diagnostic and its goal is to provide teachers with day-to-day data on students’ readiness for particular ideas and skills, their interest and learning styles (Tomlinson, 1999). Reflection also provides an effective avenue for integrating learners’ social identities (e.g., class, race, gender, religion, sexual orientation) into the process of learning in a meaningful way. Once you have some information recorded about what goes on in your classroom, what do you do? Using technology with classroom instruction that works (2nd ed.). I suggest beginning by have a discussion with your students about how they learn best and then fashion your rules accordingly. The ASOT Reflection - Region 9 High Reliability Schools-February 2019 by Christy Johnson | This newsletter was created with Smore, an online tool for creating beautiful newsletters for educators, nonprofits, businesses and more. © BBC World Service, Bush House, Strand, London WC2B 4PH, UK, Taking responsibility for professional development, Introducing a mentoring model in a large-scale teacher development project in India, Education exchange: Language learning in lockdown, Distance learning and English Language Learners, Teacher wellbeing: Five lessons from the experts. Mar 3, 2019 - Reflection is the most important part of the learning process. Joyce, Weil, and Calhoun (2015) categorize the four main models as: 1) the information-processing … These steps can take on many different forms and drive a classroom in a plethora of ways. How much time do you allocate to student talk? In a thorough review of the literature in their book *Make it Stick*, writers and psychologists Peter Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, and Mark A. McDaniel remind us, “reflection can involve several activities...that lead to stronger learning. After each lesson you write in a notebook about what happened. This kind of work will prepare students not only to do well in the course but also to approach their lives and professions with purpose and wisdom. You can also ask your students what they think about what goes on in the classroom. Diary writing does require a certain discipline in taking the time to do it on a regular basis. With a profession as challenging as teaching, self-reflection offers teachers an opportunity to think about what works and what doesn’t in their classroom. However, without more time spent focussing on or discussing what has happened, we may tend to jump to conclusions about why things are happening. You may begin a process of reflection in response to a particular problem that has arisen with one or your classes, or simply as a way of finding out more about your teaching. One of the technology tools that I have been head-over-heels excited to utilize in my classroom is VoiceThread . Discussion can be based around scenarios from your own classes. In effect, a good part of effective teaching is an art—hence the title, The Art and Science of Teaching.” ― Robert J. Marzano, The Art and Science of Teaching: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Instruction Final Reflection Bridging Learning Theory, Instruction, and … With reflection, on the other hand, critical faculties become engaged, the learner’s understanding of the learning process deepens, and information becomes meaningful knowledge, connected to other knowledge, the learner’s life, and the larger world. Direct instruction is based on clear-cut teaching techniques. Their opinions and perceptions can add a different and valuable perspective. These inclu… I cringe when I visit classrooms and see “No Talking” as classroom rule #1. For the majority of the class, we utilized William Kists’ book The Socially Networked Classroom: Teaching in the New Media Age (2010), which provided multiple modes of instruction that both utilized and/or created technology. These include retrieval (recalling recently learned knowledge to mind), elaboration (for example, connecting new knowledge to what you already know), and generation (for example, rephrasing key ideas in your own words or visually and mentally rehearsing what you might do differently next time).” In other words, reflection involves rigorous processing that makes it more likely that students will be able to absorb, remember, and master what they’re learning. May be with a simple way to begin to pose questions about what happened learning track! 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